english football league teams

The Football League was founded in 1888 by then-Aston Villa director William McGregor, originally with 12 member clubs. 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The first season of the Football League began a few months later on 8 September with 12 member clubs from the Midlands and north of England: Accrington, Aston Villa, Blackburn Rovers, Bolton Wanderers, Burnley, Derby County, Everton, Notts County, Preston North End, Stoke (renamed Stoke City in 1926),[12] West Bromwich Albion and Wolverhampton Wanderers. However, this number would soon drop to 70 due to the closure of Maidstone United at the beginning of the 1992–93 season, and the Football League abandoned its expansion plan. [7] On 22 March 1888, he wrote to the committee of his own club, Aston Villa, as well as to those of Blackburn Rovers, Bolton Wanderers, Preston North End, Stoke and West Bromwich Albion; suggesting the creation of a league competition that would provide a number of guaranteed fixtures for its member clubs each season. The Second Division increased to 15 clubs for season 1893–94. The first £2million player transferred between English clubs was Tony Cottee, who moved from West Ham United to Everton in July 1988 – although several players had already been sold by English clubs to foreign clubs for even higher fees. The old Second Division became the new First Division, the Third Division became the Second Division, and the Fourth Division became the Third Division. Below is a list of sponsors and the League's name under their sponsorship: After the formation of the Premier League the newly slimmed-down football League (70 clubs until 1995 and 72 clubs since) renamed its divisions to reflect the changes. [11] The name "Association Football Union" was proposed by McGregor but this was felt too close to "Rugby Football Union". As such, it will be something that all fans can identify with – whether they be young or old, at home or abroad. The existing division was renamed the First Division and the new division was called the Second Division. NB: League and FA Cup double winners are highlighted in bold. If a club is found to have done this, then any points earned from any match that player participated in will be deducted; the opposing club(s) do not earn any points from this, however. Former Football League clubs include all 20 of the current members of the Premier League along with various relegated, removed or defunct clubs. The First World War caused the League to be postponed from 1915 to 1919 and two seasons following its resumption a Third Division was … Clubs gain three points for a win, one for a draw, and none for a defeat. The system has a hierarchical format with promotion and relegationbetween leagues at different levels, allowing even the smallest club the theoretical possibility of ultimately rising to the very top of the system. Two clubs won their first League titles during the 1970s: founder members of the League Derby County (1971–72 and 1974–75) and Nottingham Forest (1977–78), both clubs managed by Brian Clough and Peter Taylor.

Starting since 2019/20 season,[35] Sky will show 138 league matches per season, with an option to increase the number of matches to 158 in the final two years of the agreement.[36]. Wealdstone. Beginning with the 1976–77 season, the clubs finishing level on points began to be separated according to goal difference (the difference between goals scored and goals conceded) rather than goal average (goals scored divided by goals conceded). In 1989, this was changed—instead of teams from different divisions playing each other, the four teams below the automatic promotion places contested the play-offs. The issues creating the uncertainty in the game all centred on money.

In 1890, Stoke were not re-elected to the league, and were replaced for the 1890–91 season by Sunderland, who won it in their second, third and fifth year. Emblematic of the confusion that was beginning to envelop the game, the number of clubs at the top of the league would return to 22 for the 1991–92 season, which increased competitiveness in the 1990–91 season as four teams would be promoted from the Second and Third Divisions instead of the normal three (with seventh place being the minimum position for the playoffs), while in the Fourth Division an unprecedented five promotion places were up for grabs, with eighth place being high enough for the playoffs. To accomplish this, the clubs in the top half of both the Third Division North and South joined together to form the new Third Division, and those in the bottom half made up the Fourth Division. The FA Premier League agreed to maintain the promotion and relegation of three clubs with The Football League, but The League was now in a far weaker position – without its best clubs and without the clout to negotiate high-revenue TV deals. This meant that there would once again be 92 clubs in the highest four divisions of English football. [1] Starting with the 2016–17 season, the league has moved away from having a title sponsor, re-branding itself as the English Football League (EFL), in much the same way the Premier League is known as the "EPL" internationally. Leyton Orient F.C. The three swathes are to represent the three divisions and the 24 circles in each swathe (making a total of 72 circles) represent the 72 clubs in the league system. Preston have continuously been League members, whereas the others have played in the Premier League at one time or another. There were exceptions, however; including Blackburn Rovers, who were promoted to the Premier League on its formation and were champions three years later, and Newcastle United, who were promoted in 1993 and finished in the top six for the next four seasons, finishing Premier League runners-up twice. Alliance clubs Nottingham Forest, The Wednesday (later renamed Sheffield Wednesday) and Newton Heath (later renamed Manchester United) were added to the new First Division, and Darwen were reallocated to the new Second, bringing the First Division total to 16 clubs. The Football League was associated with a title sponsor between 1983 and 2016. The deal represents a 135% increase on the previous deal and works out at an average of over £1.2 million per club per season, though some clubs will receive more than others. [21] This meant a break-up of the 104-year-old Football League that had operated until then with four divisions; the Premier League would operate with a single division and the Football League with three.

Failure to do either of these will result in a second, potentially unlimited (though in practice usually between 15 and 20) points deduction. The list includes clubs that are current members of the Premier League, who lost their Football League status upon promotion, and those which lost their status by other means. Mark Clemmit continued to host the show as TradePoint came on board in the 2013–14 season to be the title sponsor of the newly re-branded 'Football League Radio'. A new Second Division was formed in 1892 with the absorption of the rival Football Alliance. Clubs shown in bold were among the founder members of the League. [19] The newly formed top division would have commercial independence from the Football Association and the Football League, giving the FA Premier League licence to negotiate its own broadcast and sponsorship agreements. In 2001 the league signed a £315 million deal with ITV Digital, but in March 2002 the broadcaster was put into administration by its parent companies when the league refused to accept a £130 million reduction in the deal. Another important change was made in 1981, when it was decided to award three points for a win instead of two, a further effort to increase attacking football. During the 1991–92 season, the First Division clubs resigned from the Football League en masse and on 20 February 1992, the Premier League was formed as a limited company working out of an office at the Football Association's then headquarters in Lancaster Gate.

[2], The English Football League is also the name of the governing body of the league competition, and this body also organises two knock-out cup competitions, the EFL Cup and the EFL Trophy. At the end of the 2005–06 season, Reading finished with a record 106 points, beating the previous record of 105 held by Sunderland.

One club from each of these divisions would gain promotion to the Second Division, with the two relegated clubs being assigned to the more appropriate Third Division. It is in this format that the play-offs continue today. Aldershot Town. However, there were some promising signs for the future, as the League planned to announce new initiatives beginning with the 2004–05 season, coinciding with the start of a new sponsorship agreement with Coca-Cola. Originally the semi-finals and the final were all two-legged home-and-away affairs, but from 1990 onwards the final is a one-off match. The clubs were placed in the new Third Division: After just one season under the old format, the League expanded again. In spite of the economic prosperity between 1992 and 2004, many Football League clubs did run into financial problems during this time, although none of them were forced out of business. It is also required that a club exiting administration agree a Creditor's Voluntary Agreement, and pay in full any other footballing creditors. Altrincham.

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