french revolution essay

The nobility and clergy immediately challenged the procedure for voting proposed by the commoners, or third estate. Learn More. “The French Revolution was a period of time from 1789 to 1799 where France was politically instable.

Arthur Young, an Englishmen, and spectator, who ventured out to France from 1787 to 1789 furiously portray the living conditions of […], Prior to the French revolution, events such as the Enlightenment also known as the “Age of Reason” sparked a new outlook on traditional french society. The French Revolution was a time of extreme political and social unrest in Europe and France. The Constituent Assembly was dissolved, and the new Legislative Assembly, which met in October, was divided into three groups: a majority without well-defined political opinions; the supporters of a constitutional monarchy; and a Republican faction, composed mainly of Girondins, who advocated a federal republic, and Montagnards, consisting of Jacobins and Cordeliers, who favored establishment of a highly centralized republic. There are many similarities and differences between the American and the French Revolutions. This period consisted of the French citizens that were razed and wanted to redesign their country’s political landscape by uprooting absolute monarchy and the feudal system. After a Parisian mob forced the arrest of many Girondin delegates, the radical faction assumed control of the revolution. Property qualifications for the vote, however, confined the electorate to the middle and upper classes. Shelley grew up with parents who were intellectual radicals (Sterrenburg 143). The Estates-General convened at Versailles in May 1789. For more than a century before the accession of King Louis XVI in 1774, the French government experienced periodic economic crises resulting from wars, royal mismanagement, and increased indebtedness. 2020 © gradesfixer.com. It was a Tuesday morning where several Parisian peasants with the help of some soldiers took... Because of the Enlightenment, Western attitudes toward reform, faith, and reason became hopeful and interested in being included in the enlightenment because it was such a great evolution of philosophy and science. It began on 14th of June 14th 1789 when the Bastille, a symbol of the power of the French monarchy, was stormed. The French Revolution of 1789-1799 was one of the most important events in the history of the world. Words: 2241 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 47356133. Louis had never needed to lead anything in his life, so... How the scientific revolution connects with the French Revolution. The French Revolution abolished absolute monarchy, feudal privileges, and serfdom; dissolved the large estates; and established equal liability to taxation. This move alienated large numbers of Robespierre’s supporters, many of whom now feared for their own lives. Over the next few years the body was plagued by constant rivalries for power, successive coups d’etat, and ineffectual administration. It began on 14th of June 14th 1789 when the Bastille, a symbol of the power of the French monarchy, was stormed. The first draft of the constitution received the king’s approval in July 1790. Some representatives of the nobility and clergy joined forces with the assembly, which soon renamed itself the National Constituent Assembly. Or should each estate be voted […], The economic issues made by the French kings additionally added to the Revolution. The major causes of the French Revolution were the disputes and inequalities between the different types of social classes in French society, and the financial problems, facing the French government, during the year of 1779. In September a French army checked the Prussian advance at Valmy. The French Revolution abolished absolute monarchy, feudal privileges, and serfdom; dissolved the large estates; and established equal liability to taxation. Louis and his family then moved to Paris, where the court and the assembly became increasingly subject to pressures from the citizens of Paris. 20, 1792, France started a war with Austria. Austrian armies then invaded France. The revolution, which lasted from 1789 to 1799, also had far-reaching effects on the rest of Europe. In July Robespierre and some of his followers were seized and beheaded by a group called the Thermidoreans. Also, you can try to write a paper from scratch using a smart outline, conclusion and introduction. In August insurgents stormed the royal residence at the Tuileries. As the financial crisis worsened under the rule of Louis, popular demand compelled him to authorize national elections in 1788 for the Estates-General (an assembly representing clergy, nobility, and commoners that had last met in 1614). They lasted from 1792 until 1802. Simultaneously, Montagnards under the leadership of Georges Jacques Danton took control of the Paris government. In March the convention voted to conscript 300,000 men, and peasants in the Vendée region rebelled. Displeased with their current positions with their governments, they mustered up the courage and strength to challenge authority. They happened because of the French Revolution. By the terms of the document, the provinces were reorganized, hereditary titles were outlawed, trial by jury was ordained, and restrictions were placed on the power of the Roman Catholic church. The Bastille, originally known as the Bastille Saint-Antoine, was first built on April 20th, 1357 in Paris France by King Charles V to protect the city walls from The English Army during the 100 years war. At first they are moderate in scope, then they become…, The European Industrial Revolution was a time of drastic change. However, there was not just one cause that led to this war. It was governed by Genoa, which was a port in Italy, then local revolutionaries to over. For more than a century before the accession of King Louis XVI in 1774, the French government experienced periodic economic crises resulting from wars, royal mismanagement, and increased indebtedness. By 1788, the nation was bankrupt.

How do you think Louis XVI’s qualities as a leader led to the French Revolution? In October, as the Constituent Assembly proceeded to draft a constitution, a large body of Parisians marched on Versailles. The convention found the monarch guilty and sent Louis to the guillotine in January 1793. All rights reserved Gradesfixer ™. The revolution resulted, among other things, in the overthrow of the monarchy in France and in the establishment of the First Republic. Essay: French Revolution French Revolution, cataclysmic political and social upheaval, extending from 1789 to 1799. A 1799 coup d’état toppled the Directory and General Napoleon Bonaparte (later Napoleon I) assumed dictatorial powers, ending the period of the French Revolution.

Students who find writing to be a difficult task. People who […], The French Revolutionary Wars were a series of sweeping military conflicts. We will write a custom Essay on History of French Revolution specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page. From April 1793 to July 1794, the committee presided over an extremely violent period that became known as the Reign of Terror. There is no doubt that the French revolution was not only the most famous revolution of all time but also a critical event in changing the history of mankind. In an attempt to divert attention from financial and political problems, the Directory also launched the Napoleonic Wars. So why did the Americans revolt? GradesFixer.com uses cookies. In time of crisis he could not take charge. John Locke’s idea of “life, liberty, and estate” heavily inspired Thomas Jefferson’s “life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness” when fighting against the British. The assembly then announced its intentions to draft a constitution. How it all Started On Apr. Topics: France, French Revolution, Storming Of The Bastille, Topics: French Revolution, Mary Wollstonecraft, Romanticism, Topics: France, French Revolution, Revolution, Topics: France, Frankenstein, French Revolution, Mary Shelley, Topics: Age Of Enlightenment, France, French Revolution, Justice, Rights, Tax, Women Rights, Topics: American Revolution, Frankenstein, French Revolution, John Locke, Justice, Topics: Age Of Enlightenment, American Revolution, France, Frankenstein, French Revolution, Mary Shelley, United States, Topics: France, French Revolution, Napoleon, Storming Of The Bastille, Topics: Frankenstein, French Revolution, Mary Shelley, Topics: Citizenship, France, French Revolution, Tax, Topics: Age Of Enlightenment, France, French Revolution, Topics: American Revolution, France, Frankenstein, French Revolution, United States, How the Age of Enlightenment Changed France and the United States, The French Revolution: Great Changes in France, The French Revolutions Impact on Romantics, Economic Crisis Druing the French Revolution, Comparing the American, French and Russian Revolutions, The Great Changes during French Revolution, The French Revolution Within Frankenstein, The French Revolution: Social and Political Crisis in France. Civil war spread to neighboring areas, and a military loss to the Austrians resulted in the defection of the leader of the French army. The French armies, undamaged by these events on the home front, inflicted a series of reversals on their enemies that resulted in the disintegration of the anti-French coalition, leaving Great Britain, Sardinia, and Austria as the sole remaining contenders. In April the convention established the Committee of Public Safety as the executive office of the republic. By the terms of the document, the provinces were reorganized, hereditary titles were outlawed, trial by jury was ordained, and restrictions were placed on the power of the Roman Catholic church. When Marie was a child, she was often referred to as “Antione” or “Antonia” and was known to be very kind and beautiful.... During the 16th through 18th centuries, European civilization experienced big changes to its social, political, and economic structures. People who are willing to engage and take action in a revolution are trying to fix the struggles in justice, reminding people not to forget the future against the past. There were many causes in the 1780s that led to the French Revolution, the most important being political unrest, failure to reform, and […]. Thousands were sent to the guillotine. The Enlightenment was a movement that took place in Europe in the 1800s. In England it became a…, The industrial revolution was a period of time in England when hand power switched over…, A great man once said, "Love thy neighbor as thyself…" Unfortunately in Canada, that is…, Filed Under: European History, France, French Revolution, History. After a six-week deadlock, the third estate proclaimed itself a National Assembly with sole power to legislate taxation.

The revolution also began reforms in the fields of education, law, and the separation of church and state. […], “The French Revolution was a period of time from 1789 to 1799 where France was politically instable. They swiftly achieved control of the Legislative Assembly and called for the creation of a new constitutional convention. Home — Essay Samples — History — Medieval Europe — French Revolution.

The more intangible results of the revolution were embodied in its ideals, “Liberty, Equality, Fraternity,” which became the platform of liberal, democratic reforms in France and Europe in the 19th century. In August insurgents stormed the royal residence at the Tuileries. This move alienated large numbers of Robespierre’s supporters, many of whom now feared for their own lives.

The newly elected National Convention abolished the monarchy and, in the first major test of strength, a majority approved the Montagnard proposal that Louis be brought to trial for treason. When Sardinia and Prussia joined the war in July, the assembly declared a national emergency. After the king’s execution, the Girondins began to lose influence.



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