george i of greece wiki

Meanwhile, through diplomatic means, Venizelos had united the Christian countries of the Balkans in opposition to the ailing Ottoman Empire. George's reign of almost 50 years (the longest in modern Greek history) was characterized by territorial gains as Greece established its place in pre-World War I Europe.

[12], With Prince Alfred's exclusion, the search began for an alternative candidate. von Armansperg was the President of the Privy Council and the 1st representative (or Prime Minister) of the new Greek government. When he was elected king, the Great Powers extracted a pledge from Otto's father to restrain him from hostile actions against the Ottoman Empire, and insisted on his title being that of "King of Greece" instead of "King of the Hellenes", which would imply a claim over the millions of Greeks then still under Turkish rule. George served as president of the Sub-Committee for Nautical Sports.

The following year, the King asked Trikoupis to form a government (without a majority) and then read a speech from the throne declaring that in future the leader of the majority party in parliament would be appointed prime minister. Although he did not speak Greek, he immediately … The other members of the Regency Council were Karl von Abel and Georg Ludwig von Maurer with whom von Armansperg clashed often. [9], From 1913 to early 1916, George's wife carried on an intense flirtation, then an affair until May 1919 with French prime minister Aristide Briand.

Philip, Duke of Edinburgh  (1921-) (96 years), 1.

In the article, he accused the King of acting like an absolute monarch by imposing minority governments on the people. Many Greeks, seeking closer ties to the pre-eminent world power, the United Kingdom, rallied around Prince Alfred, Duke of Edinburgh, second son of Queen Victoria and Prince Albert. King Edward VII and Tsar Alexander III were his brothers-in-law and King George V and Tsar Nicholas II were his nephews. [18] He was determined not to make the mistakes of his predecessor, so he quickly learned Greek. In: Grand Duchess Olga Constantinovna of Russia, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, Prince Christian of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg, William, Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg, Grand Duchess Elena Vladimirovna of Russia, Cross of Honour of the Order of the Dannebrog, Frederick Charles Louis, Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Beck, Frederick William, Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg, Duchess Sophia Frederica of Mecklenburg-Schwerin, "The Origins of the 1897 Ottoman-Greek War: A Diplomatic History", Staatshandbücher für das Herzogtum Sachsen-Coburg und Gotha, Hof- und Staats-Handbuch für des Herzogtum Anhalt, "Unofficial website dedicated to the Grand Ducal House of Mecklenburg-Strelitz", Hof- und Staats-Handbuch des Königreich Württemberg, Staatshandbuch für das Großherzogtum Sachsen / Sachsen-Weimar-Eisenach, Hof- und Staats-Handbuch des Großherzogtum Baden, Hof- und Staats-Handbuch des Königreichs Bayern, House of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg, Prince William of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg, Commemorative Medal for the Golden Wedding of King Christian IX and Queen Louise. For a time, he considered abdication. Nina Georgievna, Princess Chavchavadze  (1901-74) (73 years), 2.

Greece was not always successful in its territorial ambitions; it was defeated in the Greco-Turkish War (1897). After a public outcry, he was released and subsequently acquitted of the charge of "undermining the constitutional order". But Marie Bonaparte found no fault with her husband's aunt, rather, she admired the forbearance and independence of Valdemar's wife under circumstances which caused her bewilderment and estrangement from her own husband. Peter, Prince of Greece and Denmark  (1908-80) (72 years), 2. Grandchildren via George, Prince of Greece and Denmark. In May, Greece and Serbia concluded a secret defensive pact aimed at Bulgaria. Prince George of Greece and Denmark Crown Prince of Greece. Deligiannis was forced to demobilize and Trikoupis regained the premiership.

He was buried at Tatoi Royal Cemetery with Danish and Greek flags, his wedding ring, a lock of Valdemar's hair, a photo of Valdemar, and earth from Bernstorff. George tried to persuade him that Greece, officially neutral during World War I but suspected of sympathy for the Central Powers, really hoped for an Allied victory: He may have influenced Briand to support the disastrous Allied expedition against the Turks at Salonika. [61] His always cordial relations with his brother-in-law, the new King Edward VII, continued to tie Greece to Britain. Greece was effectively in day-to-day control of Crete for the first time in modern history. [13] Aged only 17, he was elected King of the Hellenes on 30 March [O.S. Valdemar, Prince of Denmark  (1858-1939) (81 years), 1. Do not translate text that appears unreliable or low-quality. The gunmen (an Athens clerk called Karditzis and his assistant) fled into the Hymettus hills but they were spotted and arrested. In 1908, the Cretan Assembly unilaterally declared enosis (union) with Greece. Originally a Danish prince, he was born in Copenhagen, and seemed destined for a career in the Royal Danish Navy. George I of Greece. Not quite 18, the young prince arrived in Greece with 3,500 Bavarian troops and three Bavarian advisors aboard the British frigate HMS Madagascar. The worst consequences of defeat for the Greeks were mitigated by the intervention of the King's relations in Britain and Russia; nevertheless, the Greeks were forced to give up Crete to international administration, and agree to minor territorial concessions in favor of the Turks and an indemnity of 4 million Turkish pounds. Later he served as aide-de-camp to King George who, however, was assassinated in March 1913.

To save the King the embarrassment of removing his sons from their commissions, they resigned them. Peter, Prince of Greece and Denmark (1908-80) (72 years) 2. He arrived in Athens on 30 October [O.S. George was on vacation in Denmark, so he immediately returned to Greece via Vienna, arriving in Athens to be met by a large and enthusiastic crowd on the evening of 9 October. 1. While out on an afternoon walk near the White Tower on 18 March 1913, he was shot at close range in the back by Alexandros Schinas, who was "said to belong to a Socialist organization" and "declared when arrested that he had killed the King because he refused to give him money". Situated on the southern tip of the Balkans, Greece is located at the crossroads of Europe, Asia, and Africa.

(Ottoman rule had been called in Greek Tourkokratia – Τουρκοκρατία, "Turkish rule"). [41], From 1864 to 1874, Greece had 21 governments, the longest of which lasted a year and a half.

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