guns, germs, and steel summary

In all of the world’s 148 big wild terrestrial herbivorous mammals – the candidates for domestication – only 14 pass the test. After all, Diamond points out, a mere two centuries prior to his meeting Yali, New Guineans were still using stone tools. The answer to this can be found in Chapter 12. Chapter 10, - Accessed October 17, 2020. https://www.coursehero.com/lit/Guns-Germs-and-Steel/. | - The epilogue looks at counterarguments and makes the case for the scientific study of human history. | Food production was  decisive in the history of technology. Sedentary people by contrast are unconstrained by the problem of carrying young children, and can bear and raise many children as they can feed. The question was initially posed to Diamond during his travels to New Guinea by a friend named Yali. The fourth and final cause is the tremendous geographic size and variation of the Eurasian continent. Guns, Germs, and Steel Summary Guns, Germs, and Steel by Jared Diamond is a nonfiction book that explores why some societies are more materially successful than others. Chapter 11, - Chapter 15, - The landmass of Eurasia, laid out on an east-west axis, allowed for the trading of crops and animals. Farming and domesticating animals provided stability that hunter-gatherer societies lacked. To see if Guns, Germs and Steel made it to our Top 50, visit this link, History followed different courses for different peoples because of differences among peoples’ environments, not because of biological differences among peoples themselves, All rights reserved © What you will learn. In the Americas for example, it is hard for corn in Mexico to grow in Canada’s snow. Subtitled first as A Short History of Everybody for the Last 13,000 Years, and later as The Fates of Human Societies, the book seeks to understand why some … He argues it is due to the acquisition of guns and … His main argument is condensed around four main continental differences that gave western Eurasians tremendous advantage. Thus food production, and competition and diffusion between societies, led as ultimate causes to such centralized authority. Knowledge brings power. Guns, Germs, and Steel Summary. October 13, 2017. Course Hero, Inc. As a reminder, you may only use Course Hero content for your own personal use and may not copy, distribute, or otherwise exploit it for any other purpose. Your possessions are confined to babies, weapons and a minimum of absolute necessity. Release Calendar DVD & Blu-ray Releases Top Rated Movies Most Popular Movies Browse Movies by Genre Top Box Office Showtimes & Tickets Showtimes & Tickets In Theaters Coming Soon Coming Soon Movie News India Movie Spotlight. Thus almost an entire tribelet can be wiped by an epidemic brought by an outside visitor – because no one in the tribe had antibodies against hte microbe. Parents Guide. The diversity and density of Eurasian populations created an immunity to germs that would later wipe out more isolated populations in the Americas. How is Jared Diamond's Guns, Germs, and Steel an Anti-Racism Argument? At a time when other popular nonfiction topics centered on personal relationships and diets, Diamond caught the attention of the reading public with a fascinating account of more than 13,000 years of human evolution and societal development. Related Posts about Guns, Germs, and Steel Chapter 12 Summary. All those developments sprang from dense human populations, stored food surpluses, and feeding of nonfarming specialists made possible by the rise of food production in the form of crop cultivation and animal husbandry. Europeans were able to develop large populations who were not tied to agricultural production because most of the plant and animal species that could be domesticated were found primarily on the Eurasian continent. Chapter 14, - Chapter 4, - Diamond's main argument is that... Summarize Yali's question from Guns, Germs, and Steel. Guns, Germs, and Steel SummaryGive a brief summary of the book. Chapter 9, - Axis orientations affected the rate of spread of crops and livestock, and possibly that of writing, wheels and other inventions. | Guns, Germs, and Steel In his work, “Guns, Germs, and Steel” (W. W. Norton, New York, NY, 1997) Jared Diamond attempts to explain why human history has carried out the way it has, he often refers to accounts from history to support his argument. Just click the "Edit page" button at the bottom of the page or learn more in the Synopsis submission guide. But the "superiority" argument left further questions unanswered. In contrast, Eurasia is East West. Although the book has raised a few points of controversy among scientists, it also has gained widespread praise. A second factor is that east-west travel and migration routes allowed for plant and animal domestication to flourish along similar latitudinal climates, profoundly different from the north-south migration patterns of Africa and the Americas. We have tutors online 24/7 who can help you get unstuck. This question, in the past, has often been answered in terms of genetics, a belief that Diamond sets out to disprove. Chapter 6, - The Americas and Africa span a great North/South distance with a huge area. Specifically, it can be found towards the bottom of p. 25 in the paperback edition of the book. It looks like we don't have a Synopsis for this title yet. Our summaries and analyses are written by experts, and your questions are answered by real teachers. She cannot afford to bear her next child until the toddler can walk fast enough. The prologue is dedicated to "Yali's question." The only way to briefly summarize this book is to say that geography is responsible for nearly all the differences in human technological and political development. Summary Central Question Guns, Germs, and Steel develops the following question: What caused European societies to gain the advantage and the ingredients of power (guns, germs, and steel) that allowed for global conquest in the age of discovery—the 16th through the 18th centuries—and have continued into the present era? Guns, Germs, and Steel Summary The book begins with a preface in which Diamond claims that the main purpose of his text is to explain why different countries developed in different manners. That area appears to have been the earliest site for a whole string of developments. Web. Guns, Germs, and Steel by Jared Diamond is a nonfiction book that explores why some societies are more materially successful than others. Some environments provide more starting materials and more favorable conditions for utilizing inventions and building societies than other environments. Guns, Germs, and Steel Study Guide. The main point of this book is that geography, and not things like race or culture, is the main factor that determines which societies have become powerful and have not. Chapter 5, - Course Hero. Course Hero, "Guns, Germs, and Steel Study Guide," October 13, 2017, accessed October 17, 2020, https://www.coursehero.com/lit/Guns-Germs-and-Steel/. Part 4, "Around the World in Five Chapters," takes these ideas into the world, showing development in Australia, East Asia, the Pacific islands, the Americas, and Africa, and provides a new linguistic analysis that Diamond uses to support the main argument in Parts 2 and 3. To define the differences between developing cultures, Diamond emphasizes the effects of food production, writing, technology, government, and religion. It also gives people a motive other than genetic self-interest, for sacrificing their lives on the behalf of others. Chapter 3, - Have study documents to share about Guns, Germs, and Steel? But most critics praise Diamond for the task he successfully took upon himself, which was to answer a very complex question. It is much easier if it is east west in the same latitude, as it is in Eurasia. Part 3 explores the process "From Food to Guns, Germs, and Steel." Diamond searched for an answer by examining millions of years of history, mapping out the migrations of early humans from Africa to Eurasia, from eastern Asia to the Pacific Ocean islands, and from Siberia to the North and South American continents. The answer to this can be found in the Prologue of Guns, Germs, and Steel. They arose from wild ancestors offering many advantages. Chapter 19. It turns out that the earliest Fertile Crescent crops, such as wheat, barley and peas domesticated around 10,000 years ago. In Course Hero. Writing was never developed in hunter gatherer societies, because they lacked both the institutional uses or early writing and the social and agricultural mechanisms for generating food surpluses to feed scribes. Jared was studying bird watching in New Guinea when he came across a local politician Yali; who asked the question he asked was “why is it that you white people developed so much cargo and brought it to New Guinea, but we black people have little cargo of our own?” It was a simple question and this book is the answer. For this, Diamond tackles the "ultimate explanations" of the major factors of conquest: "guns, infectious diseases, steel tools, and manufactured products," asking what allowed western Europeans to have these advantages. This question sparked in Diamond a decades-long quest to develop a satisfactory answer, which became the book Guns, Germs, and Steel. A PBS documentary concerning Jared Diamond's theory on why there is such disparity between those who have advanced technology and those who still live primitively. What factors caused this gap between the development of one culture and another? More important (and one of the reasons for some of the controversy surrounding this book), Diamond concludes that it is ultimately geography, not biology or race as some other studies have tried to prove, that produced the cultural disparities his friend Yali had pointed out. In the process, Diamond’s theory becomes apparent. People are not born superior to another group, Diamond contends. Where to next? First, shared ideology or religion helps solve the problem of letting unrelated individuals live with each other without killing each other by providing them with a bond not based on kinship. In the Prologue, Diamond gives us Yali's question in its entirety. Domestication animals is an ongoing co-evolutionary process rather than an event or invention. In support of this main... eNotes.com will help you with any book or any question. There, Diamond tells us that some people did not develop writing because they did not need it. On the map of the world, some continents have clear differences to others. The Americas, stretched out on a north-south axis, traverses various climate zones and geographic boundaries, discouraging trade. Hence any attempt to understand the origins of the modern world must come to grips with the question why the Fertile Crescent domesticated plants and animals. That higher birth-rate of food producers together with their ability to feed more per acre led them to achieve higher population densities. So food production, barriers to diffusion and human population size led to the observed intercontinental differences in the development of technology. Chapter 12, - Chapter 13, - Diamond shows us how “History followed different courses for different peoples because of differences among peoples’ environments, not because of biological differences among peoples themselves”, This episode is sponsored by Blinkist.

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