harp seals facts

They will form large colonies where they spend a … Harp Seal – Pagophilus groenlandicus Description. You will notice when you observe a group of Harp Seals that they have very different patterns of color from each other.

For instance, from being call a ‘whitecoat’ at birth to a greycoat, ragged jacket, beater and finally a bedlamer.

Adult: Males reach maturity at about 7-8 years of age. The two types of seals slaughtered year after year in the commercial seal 'hunt' of Canada are the harp seal and the hooded seal. Harp seals are prey for killer whales, sharks and polar bears.

This can take six weeks. Harp seals are social animals which enjoy each other's company. They start to learn how to swim by beating the water with their front flippers, leading to the name 'beaters'. However, it is turned to all-white after 72 hours and remains white for up to 3 weeks. Stranding Network. Fun Facts for Kids. Adult harp seals have silvery-gray body and its eyes are black. Adult harp seals have silvery-gray body and its eyes are black. It can be as long as 5.7 to 6.7 feet and weighs around 310 to 420 pounds. They can dive to depths of 800 feet or more.

It is a noisy and highly social animal, spending much time in large colonies. In order to scare off its predators, adult harp seal growls. While hunting, harp seals can hold their breath for up to 20 minutes. They spend little time on land. Adult harp seals grow up to be 1.7 to 2.0 m (5 to 6 feet) long and weigh from 140 to 190 kg (300 to 400 pounds). Beater: After about 18 days, the harp seal's white coat is completely moulted.

in about 12 days. Its scientific name means “Ice-lover from Greenland”. A large variety of fish, and crustaceans, including polar cod, capelin, herring, halibut, Atlantic cod, plaice, small crabs, and shrimp. Mothers recognize their pups in the herd by their smell.

Thus they are threatened by global climate change. A pup usually calls its mother by shouting a loud voice. On top of its body, there are visible harp-like black stains. They nurse on their mothers high-fat milk (containing about 45% fat) and triple their weight to over 75 lbs. Harp seal distribution map. After females abandon their pups they start mating again. Common name: Harp seal or Greenland seal. Yellowjacket: Newborn pups with white fur tinted yellow from placental fluid are born weighing about 24 lbs. The harp seal is the most numerous species of the family called “real seals”.

It is also highly migratory as northwest individuals migrate as far as 2,500 miles. The primary diet of harp seals is small bony fish as well as small crustaceans. They are very social animals. Their hind flippers do not rotate and have smaller claws. However, by that time, they are vulnerable to predators like polar bears and only 70 percent of them survive in their first year.

Harp seals are very social animals and form large colonies when they migrate. Bedlamer: Immature seals were given this name in the 15th or 16th century by the Basque and Breton settlers in the Strait of Belle Isle. Fossils of harp seals show that they were alive during the mid-Miocene, about 20 million years ago. In ice, a female seal finds her pup by means of a powerful sense of smell. There are 3 populations of harp seals: the Greenland Sea, White Sea (off the coast of Russia), and Newfoundland, Canada. Females reach maturity at about 4-6 years of age. Pups have yellow-white coat when they are born and after 3 days its fur turn white for about 12 days.

Its flippers are used to either warm up or cool off the seal when required. The coat of its pup has yellowish-white shade.

Harpseals.org 2000-2020 All rights reserved. Learn about seals, including harp seals, hooded seals, harbor seals, grey seals, bearded seals, and ringed seals here. Outside their breeding season they migrate about 2,500 miles or 4,000 km. These animals can grow up to 5 to 6 feet long or 1.7 to 2 meters and weight from 300 to 400 lbs or 140 to 190 kg. They are known as being able to dive to depths of up to 590 to 920 feet (180-280 meters). They also can feature areas of light brown and even some black.

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Mating occurs underwater and the seals make 19 different calls in mating. Inuit people in Canada hunt harp seals mainly for food.

Their main threat is humans and the loss of ice which represents a potential threat to their habitat. The third population breeds on the “East Ice” in the White See off the coast of Russia. The second group breeds on the “West Ice” on the eastern coast of Greenland. Pups can lose half their body weight before they enter the water and begin feeding on their own. Harp seals are ice seals. They leave the Arctic waters in the fall and reach their birthing grounds from December to February, where they disperse and feed intensively. For information on the U.S. program of targeted killing of harbor seals and sea lions ostensibly to protect threatened and endangered salmonids, visit this page.

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