Population of the United States in 1860, compiled from the original returns of the Eighth Census under the Secretary of the Interior. Additionally, the ratio of textiles was 17 to 1. Germans, the other large pre-war immigrant group, also contributed large numbers to the Union cause.
Gabor S. Boritt, Why the Confederacy Lost (Oxford University Press, 1992). 31,443,321. Worldhistory.us - For those who want to understand the History, not just to read it. The Irish comprised one of the largest pre-Civil War immigrant groups, settling, for the most part, in the large urban centers of the North. The use of railroads would prove crucial to the Union’s ultimate victory. Grand Total.
Lincoln was sincerely humble but a fast learner, spending hours in the Library of Congress reading and seldom intervening directly in field operations. How did the population of the North affect the outcome of the election of 1860? Yet even Jefferson Davis questioned this seemingly naïve notion when he arrived home at his Mississippi plantation, telling his wife that everything would be lost. In South Carolina the slave population outnumbered the white population by over 100,000. Stephen B. Oates, The Approaching Fury: Voices of the Storm, 1820-1861 (Harper/Collins, 1997). The advantages enjoyed by the North at the start of the American Civil War should have pointed toward a short confrontation, in line with General Winfield Scott’s initial estimation.
The population in 1860 was 992,622 and 331,059 of them were slaves. Leadership also played a major role in the Northern advantage. Over 170,000 Irish served in the Union armies, compared to 40,000 for the Confederacy. Prussian victory in the 1870 Franco-Prussian War was due in large part to the German rail system which had more than twice the track of the French. Northern industrial production was valued at $1.5 billion compared to $155 million for the South. The North possessed a fleet of warships that effectively blockaded Southern ports from the first weeks of the war. When the war came, the North had a total population of twenty-two million people of which 1.3 million worked as industrial workers. Population of the United States in 1860, by race and gender Population of the United States 1860, by race Population of the Confederate States in the American Civil War 1860-1870 Statistics taken from the 1860 census; Robert Divine, T. H. Breen, and others, America Past and Present 8th Ed. Moreover, as the 1860 census demonstrated, many Southern counties had a majority of non-white persons, slaves, which would not be conscripted into the war effort other than the usual tending of agricultural enterprises. Immigration patterns remained steady both at the start of the Civil War and during the course of the war. Davis’ personality was cold and abrasive.
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